Oil on panel, 63.5cm by 53cm. Inscribed on the top edge HORREOQVVMCVPIAM.
In Christian tradition, Salome is the personification of female seductiveness.
Her dance before King Herod, for which she was rewarded with the head of St. John the Baptist, who had resisted her advances, has frequently inspired artists.
The painting was acquired by Brownlow, 9th Earl of Exeter (1725-1793) through James Byres in Rome, as by Lucas van Leyden (1494-1533).