Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex, by Isaac Oliver, circa 1600.

Robert Devereux (1566-1601), was a soldier, courtier and favourite of Queen Elizabeth I. However, after an unsuccessful military campaign led by him in Ireland and an attempted coup against the Queen, he was impeached for treason and executed in 1601. The miniature was part of the 1690 Devonshire Schedule, an enormous bequest from Elizabeth, Countess of Devonshire, to her daughter, Anne, Countess of Exeter and recorded as: ‘A picture of the late old Earle of Essex’.


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