A Miniature of Prince Charles Edward Stuart (1720-1788), by Ozias Humphry R.A. (1742-1810), circa 1775.

Oval, in a gold frame, engraved on the reverse: ‘Charles Stuart Pretender to the Crown of England 1782.’ 6.2cm.

The Prince, also known as Bonnie Prince Charlie, is shown wearing the sash and star of the Order of the Garter.

He was the grandson of James II who went into exile in France after the Glorious Revolution of 1688/9.

The Prince’s life was one of disappointment, as both he, and his father, James, the Old Pretender, made repeated, unsuccessful attempts to regain the English Crown.

Once a dashing young prince and folk hero, he is depicted here, six years before his death, as a rather sad and jowly man, after leading a dissolute life in his later years.

Ozias Humphry was a leading portait miniaturist in the 18th Century, later turning to larger works in oil and pastel as his sight began to fail. He was elected to the Royal Academy in 1791 and became Portrait Painter in Crayons to the King the following year.

REFERENCE: MIN0042

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