Oil on canvas.
51cm by 35.5cm.
The artist was born in Capodistria, then part of the Republic of Venice, in 1656 and died in Rome in 1746. He was a pupil of Antonio Zanchi in Venice, before moving to Rome where he was influenced by Carlo Maratta. His patron Cardinal Chigi brought him to the attention of Pope Clement XI, from whom he received notable commissions.
St. Andrew is said to have been crucified at Patras on the northern coast of the Peloponnese. A tradition developed that he requested crucifixion on an X -shaped cross, or saltire, as he felt unworthy to be crucified on a Roman cross, the type of cross on which Christ died.