The Martyrdom of St Andrew, by Francesco Trevisani (1656-1746).

Oil on canvas, 51cm by 35.5cm.

This painting and PIC033 were purchased by John, 5th Earl of Exeter (1648-1700) directly from the artist.

St. Andrew is said to have been crucified at Patras on the northern coast of the Peloponnese.

A tradition developed that he requested crucifixion on an X -shaped cross, or saltire, as he felt unworthy to be crucified on a Roman cross, the type of cross on which Christ died.

The artist was born in Capodistria, then part of the Republic of Venice. He trained in Venice; a pupil of Antonio Zanchi, before moving to Rome where he spent the rest of his life.

He was strongly influenced by the work of Carlo Maratta (1625-1713) and when Maratta died Trevisani succeeded him as the most famous and prolific artist in Rome.

His patron Cardinal Chigi brought him to the attention of Pope Clement XI, from whom he received notable commissions.


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