A small 17th Century Indian cornelian bowl.

The bowl, measuring 4.2 cm in diameter, which originated from Cambay on the west coast of India, is mounted on a gold filigree base which is perhaps of European origin. It appears in the 1690 Devonshire Schedule, the inventory recording an enormous bequest to Anne, wife of the 5th Earl of Exeter from her mother Elizabeth, Countess of Devonshire: ‘A Round Cornelian Cup with a Gold philigrin ffoote’. Cornelian is a type of chalcedony which derives its colour from iron oxide impurities in the mineral and Cambay, where it is still found, has been a centre for the production of such pieces for many hundreds of years.


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