The écuelles with domed covers, enamelled with a central bouquet of summer flowers within a formal frieze, were used for individual servings of liquids such as soup. As these examples have liners, they could have kept the contents either warm or cool. There are also three plates and, from another factory, two further plates and ten matching saucers. Robert Chamberlain (c.1736-1798) established his own factory in Worcester in about 1783, initially buying plain porcelain to decorate, but by the late 1780s he was manufacturing his own wares. The factory very quickly established a reputation for fine painted porcelain and was granted a Royal Warrant by the Prince Regent in 1807.