The box consists of an upper compartment, containing a deep tray in which there are four small boxes. It has four cabriole legs which sit upon a lower compartment; this has a drawer containing a shallow tray. The lid and the sides are decorated with paulownia trees and a phoenix and the same motifs are applied within a circular frame on the top side of the drawer section. The four small boxes are decorated with mandarin oranges, peaches, chestnuts and hydrangeas, height 12cm, width 12.6cm, depth 12.6cm.
It is identical in shape, though not in decoration, to a pair in the collection of Queen Marie Antoinette of France.
The 1835 Burghley Inventory records: ‘Japan Closet, Japan in the Glass case opposite the door(s), sic, G.J. A Box with 4 small Boxes inside, also a drawer’.
The 1867 Burghley Inventory records: ‘Cabinets, No 88 Japan Closet, A gold japan box with 4 small boxes inside, and a drawer’.